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Equator line through Ecuador / Quito Visit & Cost
The Equator is an imaginary line on the globe that is equidistant from the North and South Poles, dividing the Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
So where does the Equator line cross Ecuador?
At latitude 0° of course! But where does this occur in the real, physical world? The exact specification of the equator is, in fact, somewhat variable and dependent on the chosen mathematical datum. With today’s modern technology, which includes GPS (Global Positioning System) the answer to this question appears below. There have been a number of ‘Equator line’ monuments built in the past.
THE EQUATOR LINE & MONUMENTS
SAN ANTONIO DE PICHINCHA – The first known recorded results were apparently obtained in 1743 by Geodesic Mission of the French Academy of Sciences, led by Louis Godin, Pierre Bouguer and Charles Marie de La Condamine. From 1899-1906, General Georges Perrier, also with the backing of the French Academy of Sciences, was sent to lead a mission to verify that result. Later, in 1936, with the support of the French American Committee, Ecuadorian geographer Dr. Luis Tufiño built a 10-meter monument in San Antonio de Pichincha to commemorate the first Geodesic Mission. This is the modern day "Mitad del Mundo" or ‘Middle of the World’ that most people refer to.
GUACHALA - Humberto Vera, in his book "Mitad del Mundo", indicates that La Bola de Guachalá (the Guachala Ball) – a small concrete globe – was erected by Ecuador’s Military Geographic Institute (IGM - Instituto Geográfico Militar) in 1949. Modern calculations put this monument some 142.8 meters south of the true equator line. "La Bola de Guachala"
Equator Monumento at Guachala
CALACALI – In 1979, the original monument erected in San Antonio de Pichincha was moved 7 km to the west, to the town of Calacalí and is located near to, but not on the, true equator line. According to modern calculations, the Calacalí monument is actually 164.9 meters south of the Equator line.
Original Equator line monument moved to Calacali
SAN ANTONIO DE PICHINCHA - The new and much larger (30 meter tall) monument, Museo Etnografico Mitad del Mundo, was constructed between 1979 and 1982 to mark the point where the equator passes through the country in the geodetic datum in use in Ecuador at that time. According to recent calculations, this monument is 240.3 meters south of the true Equator line
Equator monument at Mitad del Mundo, Quito, Ecuador
Mitad del Mundo: Open 9am. - 6pm every day, Entry $2 for adults, $1 for children/OAPs. $1.50 for parking. Ethnographic Museum $3. Planetarium $1.50. Inti-Ñan Solar Museum: Open 9.30am - 5.30pm every day. Entry $3 ($1.50 for children). PRICES SUBJECT TO CHANGE