"City of Manta, Province of Manabi", Ecuador
Manta – Population is about 350,000 (working city, mainly fishing and fish processing). The country has three main geographic regions, plus an insular region in the Pacific Ocean:
· La Costa, or the coast, comprises the low-lying land in the western part of the country, including the Pacific coastline.
· La Sierra, ("the highlands") is the high-altitude belt running north-south along the center of the country, its mountainous terrain dominated by the Andes mountain range
· La Amazonía, also known as El Oriente ("the east"), comprises the Amazon rainforest areas in the eastern part of the country, accounting for just under half of the country's total surface area, though populated by less than 5% of the population
· The Región Insular is the region comprising the Galápagos Islands, some 1,000 kilometers (620 mi) west of the mainland in the Pacific Ocean
Manta is the second most populous city in the province, the eighth most populous in the country and, economically, the third most important city of Ecuador. Manta has existed since Pre-Columbian times. It was a trading post for the Mantas. The main industries are fishing and tuna canning and processing. Processed tuna is exported to Europe and the U.S. International tuna corporations including Bumble Bee, Van Camps, British Columbia Packers, and Conservas Isabel, as well as leading national tuna processor Marbelize, have sizable factories in Manta. Other important products include vegetable oil. Large Ecuadorian corporations including La Fabril and Ales have their main factories in Manta. Other economic activities include tourism. Various cruise ships make a port of call visit to Manta while traveling the southern Pacific Ocean
Manta possesses one of Ecuador’s seaports. The port was used by Charles Marie de La Condamine upon his arrival in Ecuador when leading the French mission to measure the location of the equator in 1735. From Manta, Condamine started his trip inland towards Quito.
Manta has an international cargo airport, Eloy Alfaro International Airport. Between 1999-2009 Manta housed "Manta Air Base/Alfaro Air Base" which was used by the U.S. Air Forces to support anti-narcotics military operations and surveillance flights against Colombian drug trafficking cartels. The lease to the US Air Force was not renewed by the Ecuadorian government.
Currency (US Currency)
· Ecuador's monetary unit, the peso, was renamed Sucre (decree of March 22, 1884, effective April 1, 1884).
· Following the financial banking crisis of 1999, the US dollar became legal tender in Ecuador on March 13, 2000 and Sucre notes ceased being legal tender on September 11. Sucre notes remained exchangeable at Banco Central until March 30, 2001 at 25,000 Sucre’s per dollar. Ecuador now only issues its own centavo coins.
Banking and/or transferring money out of the country is 5% transfer fees.
· Officially the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador literally translates as "Republic of the Equator")
· The main spoken language in Ecuador is Spanish (94% of the population). Languages of official use in native communities include Quichua, Shuar, and 11 other languages
Manta receives numerous visits from foreign as well as local tourists. The most visited beaches include "El Murciélago", "Santa Marianita", "San Lorenzo" and "Barbasquillo". Surfers often travel to San Lorenzo to find powerful waves (regularly head high). Kite surfing has recently become very popular in Santa Marianita (Playa Bonita) because of the excellent wind conditions and large beach.
Nearby, also, is the small town of Montecristi, founded in the early 17th century. With its colonial architecture, this small town is best known for its wickerwork weaving, and as the original birth place of the Panama hats which, despite their name, were historically produced in Ecuador. Panama hats are favorite souvenirs among visitors of Manta. Manabí is also famous for its delicious cuisine to include seafood is second to none.
Manta possesses a number of Universities and High Schools. The largest and most traditional University is the Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro; other universities include Universidad del Pacifico (Pacific University) and Manta Institute of Technology. The most traditional high schools include Colegio San Jose, and Colegio Manabi. Other foreign oriented upper class high schools include Thomas Jefferson High School (American), Julio Pierregrosse High School (Spanish), and Leonardo Da Vinci High School (Italian). These are the most prestigious high schools in the city with international standards.